There are many different types of Koi food. Most Koi foods are either floating pellets or stix that bring the fish to the surface. Stix give you a better view of your fish and allows you to monitor how much food to feed. Excess pellets floating in the pond indicate that the Koi were given too much food. All the food should be gone within 4-5 minutes. Most adult Koi could easily survive on one feeding a day. Oppositely, smaller fish need two feeding periods. Optimal feeding is in the cooler part of the day if possible. Koi are not as active in the heat and seek refuge in the deeper parts of the pond.  You can even ring a bell before feeding! This teaches your fish that it is time to eat. Here’s a list to help you choose the right food for your Koi fish!

Koi Food & Treats

  • Spring & Fall Foods:  Also known as “cold water” diets. This food contains a lower protein, higher carbohydrate formula high in wheat germ. It is best used when the water temperature is between 50 to 70°F. This formulation is easier to the Koi to digest at the lower temperatures.
  • Staple Foods: Also considered a standard diet, staple food formulation offers a well balanced diet for every day feeding. This will make up the bulk of your Koi’s diet during the warm season.
  • Color Enhancing: Usually a staple diet that has been supplemented with additional astaxanthin and cataxanthin, color enhancing foods bring out the reds and blues of the fish. (Sometimes it is just listed as higher levels of Spirulina.)
  • Growth Foods: Generally, growth foods are Koi pellets with the highest level of protein and fat to promote the rapid growth of smaller Koi and help adult Koi to maximize their growth during the warmest months of the pond season. This food can also help Koi bulk up for the winter season when they will not be fed.
  • Treats: Just like us, the Koi will appreciate a change of pace in the foods we offer, and there are many types of foods for an occasional treat to break up the monotony. These koi treats can include freeze dried shrimp and plankton, bloodworms or even fruit based pellet foods. They also like wheat bread, peeled grapes and chopped up earthworms. With a little patience, you can even train the Koi to take the treats directly from your hand!

Make sure your Koi eat all their food within 4-5 minutes. Additionally, stop feeding once the pond temperature reaches 50°F or below. At that temperature, the fish can’t digest any food. They will still beg, but save your food for warmer temperatures!

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