Feeding your pet bird a wholesome bird food is ideal, but birds need more than just a great diet to stay healthy. There are 13 essential vitamins that all birds must have every day in order to maintain their health and live a long happy life. Liquid or powder bird vitamins include A, D3, E, K, choline, and the Bs—thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, biotin, and B12. These vitamins are essential for the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. They also play an important role in the growth and repair of tissue and they affect overall growth, reproduction, vision, bone structure, skin and muscle, disease resistance, and the function of your bird’s respiratory, gastrointestinal, nervous, and circulatory systems.

Mineral cuttlebones help round out your bird's dietThere are also 13 essential minerals that your birds need every day. These are calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, and potassium along with the following 8 trace elements—copper, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, iodine, iron, and zinc. Every cell in your bird’s body needs these minerals in order to stay alive. These minerals are also needed to ensure healthy bones and a properly developed skeleton.

In general, we recommend that all birds being fed any seed-based diet be given a daily vitamin and mineral supplement. Seed diets, although made up of a wide variety of seeds, do not supply your pet with complete and balanced nutrition. Fortified diets appear to be complete, but unless your bird eats an even amount of all seeds as well as the fortified nuggets, he will not be receiving balanced nutrition. When using vitamin and mineral supplements, powder bird vitamins tend to be the most economical to use.

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